CASTELLO DI MIRAMARE - MUSEO STORICO

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The History - Maximilian of Hapsburg

1832 - JULY 6
Ferdinand Maximilian of Hapsburg-Lorena, Archduke of Austria and Imperial prince, was born at Schönbrunn, in Vienna, second son of the Archduke Francis Charles and the Archduchess Sophia, Princess of Wittelsbach. Francis Joseph was born two years earlier.

1850 - September 2
Maximilian set out from Trieste on a voyage to the Eastern Mediterranean.

1850 - october 26
He entered the Austrian Navy.

1851
During a cruise he visited Italy and Spain.

1852
In another cruise he reached Sicily, the Balearic Islands, Algeria and Albania.

1853
Promotion to the rank of Lieutenant Commander of the “Minerva”.

1853 - february 27
He decided to build a Church in Vienna, the Votivkirche in gratitude for Francis Joseph’s escape from the assassination attempt by Johann Libenyi.

1854 - September 10
He became Rear- Admiral and Commander of the Austrian Fleet.

1857 - february 28
Francis Joseph appointed him Civil Governor of the Lombardy – Veneto region.

1857 - july 27
Married Charlotte of Belgium.

1859 - April 20
He resigned from the post of Governor of

Lombardy – Veneto and moved to Trieste.

1859 - November
He began a voyage to Brazil.
He bought the island of Lacroma  off the coast of Ragusa in order to restore a monastery situated there.

1863 - october 3
The Mexican deputation, led by Gutiérrez de Estrada, informed Maximilian that part of the Mexican people were in favour of restoring the monarchy, and offered him the crown on the initiative of Napoleon III. Maximilian became Emperor of Mexico.

1864 - april 9
In the presence of Francis Joseph, Maximilian renounced his right to succeed to the Imperial Throne of Austria.

1864 - april 14
Maximilian and Charlotte left Miramare for Mexico, where they arrived on May 28. He found there a country disrupted by civil war and in a political situation more difficult than he expected.

1867
Failing the support of the French Army, Maximilian was taken prisoner at Querétaro  by Juarez’s Republican troops.

1867 - june 19
He was shot by order of Juàrez.

1868 - january 18
The mortal remains of Maximilian reached Trieste on board the “Novara”. Thence they were transferred by rail to Vienna where they were buried in the crypt of the Capuchin church.